Child Rights Governance
Child Rights Governance
Our work aims to support states to establish the systems necessary to make child rights a reality, and addresses the systemic, underlying and/or structural aspects that enable or hinder children’s rights. Save the Children believes that civic action is needed to make children’s rights a reality. A strong civil society where children and their communities hold states and the international community to account is crucial.
In collaboration with Child Rights Movement (alliance of civil society organizations working for promotion and protection of child rights), Save the Children is pursuing the implementation of United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child, its optional protocols and Universal Periodic Review recommendations. To demonstrate that child rights are applicable in the local context, Save the Children works with the Government of Pakistan, civil society organizations, networks / alliances, academia, media, children and other stakeholders at national, provincial and district levels to improve their knowledge, capacity and accountability for realizing child rights as well as to generate empirical evidence to support lobbying for better policies and mechanisms for children.
Our signature programs areas / approaches;
Monitoring and Demanding Child Rights
At the international level, states are held accountable by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC reporting) and the Human Rights Council (Universal Periodic Review reporting). Save the Children has strengthened CRM including Children to engage with Govt, media, academia and other stakeholders to ensure the implementation of the key recommendations under CRC and UPR and its monitoring. Save the Children also supported in development and submission of child informed supplementary / alternative reports on CRC and UPR to UN Committee on the Rights of Child and Human Rights Council respectively to provide a complementary review to state reports.
Through effective advocacy, lobbying and campaigning in collaboration with CRM and children, Save the Children supported government to enact and amend several child related laws including The National Commission on the Rights of the Child Act 2017, The Islamabad Capital Territory Child Protection Act 2018, Sindh Prohibition of Corporal Punishment Act 2017, Sindh Home Based Workers Act 2018, Sindh Prohibition of Employment of Children Act 2017, Sindh Street Children Shelter Act 2018, Juvenile Justice System Act 2018, The Punjab Destitute & Neglected Children (Amendment) Act 2004, The Punjab domestic workers Act 2019, The Punjab Prohibition of child labour at brick kilns Act 2016, the rules of The Punjab Protection of Breast Feeding and Child Nutrition Amendment Act 2012, The Balochistan Borstal Institutions Act 2014 among others. Child Participation is integral part of our approach, therefore apart from children’s participation in nationwide events, Save the Children also supported children to participate and raise their voices for their rights in international forums including UN Day of General Discussion in Geneva and The European Week of Action for Girls (EWAG) in Brussels.
Good Governance Delivering Child Rights
Our good governance delivering child rights work focused to ensure laws, policies and resources work for children through open, inclusive and accountable state institutions and other measures. Save the Children through CRM and involvement of children advocated for effective Child Rights/Child Protection mechanisms in the country for improved implementation of child related laws and policies. In 2018 general elections, CRM also successfully lobbied with political parties to have included Child Rights & Child Protection in their election manifestos to ensure the government at both national and provincial level priorities child rights.
Save the Children also built the capacities of 109 parliamentarians 163 media personnel’s in the area of child rights. Similarly 21 CSO’s, 430 children & 18 Govt officials also successfully completed Save the Children’s Child Rights Education Program. Save the Children supported Govt. to put in place The General Measures of Implementation to institutionalize child rights and ensure good governance for children. The measures include aligning existing and new legislation with the UNCRC, regulatory frameworks, cross departmental coordination bodies and establishment of independent National Child Rights Commissions.
Public Investment in Children
Save the Children defines Public Investment in children as public spending on specific areas that directly benefit children as set out in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocols, particularly on social protection, health, education, child protection, emergencies and the requisite child rights infrastructure and systems. For evidence based demand generation, Save the Children conducted taxation study and child rights focused analysis of the federal and provincial budgets. Based on the analyses, key advocacy asks were developed which encompasses our working approach of evidence based advocacy. This serves as a vital reference document to advocate for increased budgetary allocation and improved public spending on child focused areas. CRM and Children Groups were capacitated and engaged to advocate for increased and improved public spending on essential services for children.
Advocacy on budget allocation to implement new and existing laws has led to year-on-year increased budget allocation for child welfare. In Sindh, the Government allocated the largest chunk of budget (27 per cent) for the education sector for fiscal year 2017-18. Similarly, the Sindh Government also allocated PKR 200 million for Sindh Child Protection Authority (SCPA) in 2017/18 and 2018/19 (first ever allocation since the establishment of SCPA) and PKR 5 million funds in 2019/20 budget to make the SCPA operational. Government of Sindh allocated 13.5 million rupees for Child Labour Survey to be conducted in 2017. In Punjab the Child Protection Welfare Bureau also improved its resource utilization from 36% in 2016 to 48% in 2017 and almost 53% in 2018.